Lucian Freud was born in 1922 in Berlin, Germany. Freud, the grandson of psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, studied at the Central School of Art in London and Cedric Morris' East Anglian School of Painting and Drawing in the early 1940s. Freud's early paintings are often associated with surrealism, depicting people and plants in unusual juxtapositions. In the 1950s, Freud began to paint portraits, often nudes, almost to complete exclusion of everything else. "The subject matter is autobiographical," said Freud, "It's all to do with hope and memory and sensuality and involvement, really."
Freud was one of the best known British artists who worked in a traditional representational style. In 1951, his Interior at Paddington was commissioned for The Festival of Britain. The painting was one of five selected for purchase by the Arts Council from the group of 60 artists originally selected. The Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art presented, Lucian Freud: Early Works in 1997, which comprised around thirty drawings and paintings done between 1940 and 1945. In 2002, Tate Britain launched a large retrospective of his works. More recently, the Museum of Modern Art displayed a collection of Freud's etchings in 2007.
Lucian Freud passed away at his home in London, July 20, 2011, at the age of 88.