Alberto Giacometti was born October 10, 1901 in Borgonovo, Switzerland. Giacometti attended the School of Fine Arts in Geneva. In 1922, Giacometti moved to Paris, where he studied under the sculpture, Antoine Bourdelle, an associate of Auguste Rodin. While in Paris, Giacometti began to experiment with cubism and surrealism and became known as one of the leading surrealist sculptors. Among his associates were Joan Miró, Max Ernst, and Pablo Picasso.
Between 1936 and 1940, Giacometti began sculpting the human head, focusing on the models' gaze. It was during this time that the statues started to become elongated, a style instantly recognizable as his own. One of his favorite models was his younger brother, Diego. In 1962, Giacometti was awarded the grand prize for sculpture at the Venice Biennale. His works were exhibited in a number of large exhibitions throughout Europe. In 1965, Giacometti travelled to New York for an exhibition of his works at the Museum of Modern Art.
Giacometti died January 11, 1966 in Chur, Switzerland.